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萨尔温江 编辑词条

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词条标签:缅甸,缅甸旅游,缅甸文化,东盟,东盟旅游,东盟文化,东南亚

摘要

  萨尔温江,即怒江(威利:rgyal mo rngul chu),全长3562公里,流域面积266037平方公里。上游因江水深黑,中国最早的地理著作《禹贡》把它称为黑水河;藏语名为那曲河(威利:nag chu),义同。怒江在当地的怒族中被称为阿怒日美,“阿怒”是怒族人的自称,“日美”在汉语中译为江,“阿怒日美”就是怒族人居住区域的江,故名怒江。流入缅甸后改称萨尔温江。

目录[隐藏]

基本信息


  国家:中国,缅甸,泰国
  支流:左侧支流 Moei River
  源头
  位置:安多县将美尔曲,西藏,中国
  海拔:5,432.5 m(17,823 ft)
  坐标:32°43′48″N 92°13′58″E
  河口:安达曼海
  位置:毛淡棉,缅甸
  海拔:0 m(0 ft)
  全长:3,562 km(2,213 mi)
  流域面积:266,037 平方公里(102,700 mi2)
  流量:平均流量 4,876 m2/s(172,194 ft2/s)

流域

?
河口三角洲(左上为南方)
河口三角洲(左上为南方)
  怒江上源为桑曲,它发源于唐古拉山南麓的将美尔岗尕楼冰川,源头位于中国西藏那曲地区安多县境内,源流名为将美尔曲。流经西藏自治区、云南省,流入缅甸后改称萨尔温江,最后在毛淡棉注入印度洋的安达曼海。

  怒江上游在高原地区,山势较平坦,水量很大,水面较宽,流速不大;中游坡降大,水流湍急,形成高山深谷;下游雨水补充较多,山势开阔,形成农业区。

  怒江中上游与澜沧江、金沙江穿越横断山脉并行南流,与澜沧江的最短直线距离不到19公里。三江并流是世界上地质奇观,已列入世界自然遗产。

  怒江支流短小,是典型的羽状水系。

水利工程


  怒江河床落差大,有丰富的水能资源,天然蕴蓄出力可达到4700万千瓦。

  目前缅甸正在兴建4座水坝。中国2003年曾经有过在境内建设13座梯级水电站的规划,其中丙中洛电站位于三江并流保护区内,由于受到众多专家及环境保护组织人士的质疑,以及媒体的大量调查报道,该规划被搁置下来。
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创建者:璎珞oO
编辑次数:1次 历史版本
参与编辑人数:1位
创建时间:2012/5/28 16:21:53
最近更新时间:2012/5/28 16:21:53
浏览次数:28

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