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印度尼西亚艺术 编辑词条

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词条标签:印度尼西亚,艺术

摘要

印尼民间神话传说、宗教信仰和古典史诗,是古代爪哇和苏门答腊艺术创作的主要源泉。

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      印尼民间神话传说、宗教信仰和古典史诗,是古代爪哇和苏门答腊艺术创作的主要源泉。陵庙建筑是建筑艺术的主要形式。陵庙上的雕刻以宗教的题材,雕刻家在佛教和婆罗门教的神话题材中,创造了美丽的富于印度尼西亚形式的雕刻,反映了当时的现实生活。这种建筑古迹,以日惹和梭罗附近的婆罗浮屠塔和普兰巴南神庙最具有代表性。

      印度尼西亚是着名的歌舞之邦,生活在各岛上的各个民族,都有自己独特的民歌、舞蹈和乐器。“佳美兰”音乐是印尼最典型的民间音乐。这种音乐以拍打敲击的乐器为主。主要有各种铜锣、各式“甘梆”和大小不一的鼓组成。“佳美兰”乐队通常由24人组成,可以单独演奏印尼民间音乐,也可以为戏剧、舞蹈和演唱伴奏。

      印度尼西亚的歌曲优美动听,其中有一些歌曲诸如“宝贝”、“棱罗河”、“星星索”等,在我国流行也很广、深受中国听众的喜爱。

      印度尼西亚人民也是个善于舞蹈的民族,尤以巴厘岛最为着名。巴厘舞蹈,分为庄严肃穆的宗教舞和活泼灵巧的民间舞两种,舞时主要靠手腕和指头的动作。此外,苏门答腊的“隆梗舞”、米南加保的“盘烛舞”、 爪哇的“基伯拉舞”、 马鲁古的“欢乐舞”等都很具有代表性。

      印度尼西亚最流行的戏剧形式叫“哇扬戏”。“哇扬戏”有三种主要类型:一种叫“皮哇扬”或叫“皮影戏”;一种叫“人哇扬”,由人扮演剧中人物;另一种“木偶哇扬”。“哇扬戏”具有悠久的历史,最初人们利用“哇扬戏”塑造傀儡形象来表达他们对精灵的崇拜和信仰。后来现代主题的哇扬戏,则更多地表现有关印尼的历史,特别是革命时期这段历史的故事和人物。
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    创建者:马俊
    编辑次数:1次 历史版本
    参与编辑人数:1位
    创建时间:2012/4/13 14:40:52
    最近更新时间:2012/4/13 14:40:52
    浏览次数:34

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