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克耶族 编辑词条

英文:Kayan
词条标签:缅甸,缅甸文化,缅甸旅游,东盟,东盟文化,东盟旅游,东盟百科

摘要

  克耶族(缅甸语委转写:ka.ya:),又称红克伦(缅甸语委转写:ka.rang ni,音译“克伦尼”),是克伦族的一个支系,主要分布在缅甸克耶邦和泰国最西北的夜丰颂府。克耶语属于藏缅语族克伦语支。缅甸政府1983年统计有14万克耶人,但实际人口肯定远远超过这个数目。

  克耶邦西南部的贝族和克耶族关系密切。有一分支是著名的长颈族。

基本信息

  总人口:数十万
  分布地区:缅甸 数十万 泰国 数千至十万之间
  语言:克耶语

民族特点

民族信仰

  克耶族(Kayan)相信人类的祖先,男人是龙,女人是凤,为了遵从祖先的遗训,也为了满足成龙成凤的梦想,女孩子五岁开始就套上铜环。以后,逐步加添。

服装配饰

  对城市女人来说,项链只是一种装饰,一种配搭,一种炫耀。配合衣服、场合、情绪,天天更换不同的款式。可是对于克耶族来说,颈上的铜环,戴上了,基本上就不再除下了,一生里头,只有结婚、生子与去世这三个日子可以开例。铜环,是一种传统,一种标记,也是一种宿命。

长颈之谜

  克耶族女人,不是天生颈项长。而是套上铜环之后,负重的肩膀往下倾斜,于是,颈项就显得长了。呼应着颈上的铜环,手臂上,脚上也套着铜环。形象上的确让人有飞禽的联想。只是,单单颈项铜环已近5公斤,加上肩膀上“儿”形的铜环,套在身上,走起路来步履都不轻盈,这些“凤凰”,飞得起来吗?
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创建者:璎珞oO
编辑次数:1次 历史版本
参与编辑人数:1位
创建时间:2012/5/22 15:45:43
最近更新时间:2012/5/22 15:45:43
浏览次数:117

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