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印尼美食 编辑词条

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词条标签:印尼,美食,小吃,大米,炒饭

摘要

印尼地处热带、不产小麦,所以居民的主食是大米、玉米或薯类,尤其是大米更为普遍。

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      印尼地处热带、不产小麦,所以居民的主食是大米、玉米或薯类,尤其是大米更为普遍。大米除煮熟外,印尼人喜欢用香蕉叶或棕榈叶把大米或糯米,包成菱形蒸熟而吃,称为“克杜巴”。不过,印尼人也喜欢吃面食、如吃各种面条、面包等。

    印尼美食
    印尼美食
      由于印尼人绝大部分信仰伊斯兰教,所以绝大部分居民不吃猪肉,而是吃牛羊肉和鱼虾之类。印尼是一个盛产香料的国家,印尼制作菜肴喜欢放各种香料,以及辣椒、葱、姜、蒜等。因此印尼的特点,一般是辛辣味香。印尼人喜欢吃“沙爹”、“登登”、“咖喱”等。“沙爹”是牛羊肉串,制作方式讲究,先把鲜嫩的牛羊肉切成小块,然后浸泡在香料等的调料里,再用细竹条串起来,用碳火烤,边烤边用调料汁在串肉上撒滴,使串肉散发出阵阵的香味,烤熟后蘸辣椒花生酱一起吃,味道鲜美可口。“登登”是牛肉干,制作方式也很考究,先把鲜嫩的牛肉切成薄片,再涂上伴有香料的酱油、略放些糖,然后晒干。吃的时候,用油炸,味道也很美。

      印尼盛产鱼虾,吃鱼虾也很讲究。除了煎、炸之外,有的鱼开膛后,在鱼肚里涂上香料和辣酱,然后烤熟吃。吃虾时,把活虾放在玻璃锅内,倒上酒精、点上火,盖锅盖,片刻便把活虾煮熟,然后蘸辣酱吃。

      印尼风味小吃种类很多,主要有煎香蕉、糯米团、鱼肉丸、炒米饭及各种烤制糕点。印尼人还喜欢吃凉拌什锦菜和什锦黄饭。什锦菜的做法是:先将喜欢吃的蔬菜洗净,切好后用各种佐料拌在一起,佐料以花生酱为主,这是印尼的大众菜。什锦黄饭的做法是:把姜黄洗净,然后在礤床上搓成末,对水榨出浓汁,加上椰汁、香茅草和小桔叶。将大米洗净,然后放入上述汁叶煮熟,出锅后即成黄米饭。吃时,饭上盖以肉丝、鸡蛋丝、炸黄豆和炸红葱等。印尼人视黄色为吉祥的象征,故黄米饭成为礼饭,在婚礼和祭祀上必不可少。

    印尼美食
    印尼美食
      印尼人吃饭不用筷子,而是用勺和叉子,有时也喜欢用手抓饭。抓饭时,先把米饭盛在盘上,然后用右手指将饭捏成小团,送到嘴里一口一口地吃。饭桌边上要放一碗清水,边抓饭,边不时用手沾沾清水,以免使米饭沾粘在手指上。喜欢手抓饭的人,觉得这样吃很开胃。

      由于印尼盛产咖啡,所以喝咖啡很普遍,如同中国喜欢茶一样。早餐时,印尼人一般是喝咖啡加面包点心、或者是油炸香蕉。由于地处热带,印尼人喜欢喝各种冷饮。除冰淇淋、汽水外,还有品种繁多的冷饮,如用菠萝、椰子、芒果等制作的各种冷饮,伊斯兰教徒不能喝烈性酒,所以印尼人多只喝啤酒。

      印尼盛产各种热带水果,尤其是香蕉品种多达几十种。根据香蕉的品种,吃法也不同。有生吃的、有煮吃的、有用油炸的、有用碳火烤的。用油炸的,一般是先将香蕉去皮、切成两半,用稀面裹上,再用油炸。用火烤的,一般是先把带皮的香蕉压偏,然后在碳火上烤熟、吃的时蘸糖酱一起吃。
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    创建者:马俊
    编辑次数:1次 历史版本
    参与编辑人数:1位
    创建时间:2012/3/29 10:46:13
    最近更新时间:2012/3/29 10:46:13
    浏览次数:55

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