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缅甸投资前景广阔

2012/5/7 15:39:09来源:东盟百科信息网 浏览 120 次我要评论(0) 字体:T | T

导语:缅甸开放一年半以来,西方的外交官们纷至沓来。

  (东盟百科信息网5月7日讯)缅甸开放一年半以来,西方的外交官们纷至沓来。陪同这些外交官的是经贸代表团。投资人们希望能够从缅甸的资源中获益。这些投资究竟会让谁受益呢?

  1948年缅甸宣布独立时,当时的缅甸算得上是一个较为富裕的前殖民地国家。这个国家被称作东南亚粮仓,同时也是铜矿和宝石的重要出口国。宣布独立后不久缅甸陷入长达数年的内战,国内经济衰退。1962年军政府掌权时,缅甸经济已经濒临崩溃。

  缅甸现在是全世界最贫穷的国家之一。通货膨胀让缅元基本上变得一文不值。泛滥的官僚主义作风让私人创新无立脚之地。腐败在缅甸国内横行,透明国际排列的全球腐败列表中缅甸在183个国家中排名180。

  前景广阔

  最近一段时间以来缅甸政府采取了一系列引人瞩目的政治改革。作为对缅甸政治改革成绩的肯定和鼓励,西方国家暂时停止执行一部分非军事类制裁措施。这些国家的投资商们期待在缅甸能获得投资机会。

  联合国秘书长潘基文身边的缅甸事务顾问纳姆比亚尔(Vijay Nambiar)不久前曾说过,缅甸有实力成为亚洲新的经济小虎。国际货币基金组织也有专家预测过,缅甸凭借其丰富的资源、年轻的劳动力结构以及独到的地理优势成为全球范围内最具活力的经济体之一。

  缅甸位于中国和印度之间。理论上缅甸可以成为中国商品运往欧洲和非洲的通道,这样中国向西运输商品时不再需要穿越马六甲海峡。另外这个国家还蕴含了丰富的自然资源。缅甸最重要的出口商品包括天然气、宝石、木材等等。

  拥有6000万人口的缅甸对投资商们来说是一个前景广阔的市场。

  美国数据库商Information Handling Services (IHS)预测,直到2020年缅甸每年的经济增速有望达到6个百分点,国内生产总值有望翻番达到930亿欧元。

  漫长且崎岖的道路

  缅甸开始重新制定汇率政策显示出摆在这个国家面前的是一条漫长且崎岖的道路。短缺的基础设施建设加大了西方企业投资缅甸的困难。“如果工业国家打算将生产外贸商品的流水线铺到缅甸,那么缅甸基础设施建设会成为最大的挑战。”莱茵检测认证服务公司的亚太总监容尼石(Michael Jungnitsch)说。缅甸5000多公里长的铁路年久失修,公路数量有限。雨季路面积水,旱季柏油路很容易融化,因此很不利于使用载重卡车。

  面对缅甸腐败的官员,投资者需要被层层扒皮。容尼石说,工业部提出制定新的投资法,取消进口许可证,并且重新修改旧的关税体系。

  埃森亚洲之家的专家弗里池(Klaus Fritzsche)表示,应该考虑的是在哪些领域投资并且如何投资。“欧盟国家在讨论时,投资兴趣一般在木材、能源特别是矿石等领域。这里当然存在着不顾及缅甸当地人的利益开采能源的危险。这种情况下,西方人只是在重复中国、泰国和印度的企业正在做的事情。”
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